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Wednesday, July 15, 2020 | History

3 edition of High-level nuclear waste policy found in the catalog.

High-level nuclear waste policy

hearings before the Subcommittee on Energy and Power of the Committee on Commerce, House of Representatives, One Hundred Fourth Congress, first session, June 28, 1995--Interim storage, June 30, 1995--Proposed permanent repository at Yucca Mountain, July 12, 1995--Integrated Spent Nuclear Fuel Management Act of 1995.

by United States. Congress. House. Committee on Commerce. Subcommittee on Energy and Power.

  • 117 Want to read
  • 11 Currently reading

Published by U.S. G.P.O., For sale by the U.S. G.P.O., Supt. of Docs., Congressional Sales Office in Washington .
Written in English

    Places:
  • United States.
    • Subjects:
    • Radioactive waste disposal -- United States.,
    • Radioactive waste sites -- United States.

    • Edition Notes

      Other titlesHigh level nuclear waste policy
      Classifications
      LC ClassificationsKF27 .E5524 1995m
      The Physical Object
      Paginationiii, 346 p. :
      Number of Pages346
      ID Numbers
      Open LibraryOL927021M
      ISBN 100160476291
      LC Control Number95226395
      OCLC/WorldCa33337391

      The Need for a Systems Approach. By its nature, hazardous waste management requires a systems approach. As Figure 1 shows, the waste production process is a complex one, involving numerous opportunities for management to reduce risks, to lower economic costs, and to recycle wastes to beneficial uses. All opportunities need to be weighed against one another to maximize health . This chapter highlights the classification scheme of nuclear waste. Key parameters in classification scheme are the radionuclide concentrations and half-lives. Radioactive waste is generally classified by activity level into exempt, low-level waste (LLW), intermediate-level waste (ILW) and high-level waste .

      High-level radioactive waste management concerns how radioactive materials created during production of nuclear power and nuclear weapons are dealt with. Radioactive waste contains a mixture of short-lived and long-lived nuclides, as well as non-radioactive nuclides. The book concludes with carefully considered recommendations for a new national policy for the storage of hazardous nuclear waste. Everyone concerned about nuclear waste and how it should be managed at the federal, state, and local levels will find valuable information in this .

        The Nuclear Waste Policy Act of directed DOE to investigate candidate sites for disposing of spent nuclear fuel and high-level radioactive waste. It also directed the President to consider whether a separate disposal facility would be required for the defense-related nuclear waste. @article{osti_, title = {High-level nuclear waste disposal: Policy and prognosis. Research report, August April }, author = {Bouton, E H}, abstractNote = {The US government`s effectiveness in achieving a solution to the country`s high level radioactive waste disposal problem will have profound effects on both near term and long run policy and societal objectives.


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High-level nuclear waste policy by United States. Congress. House. Committee on Commerce. Subcommittee on Energy and Power. Download PDF EPUB FB2

"Coming from a concerned environmentalist perspective, this is an outstanding, well-researched book, containing a wealth of information about the global issue of radioactive waste, and presented in a highly readable style." Professor Bill Lee FREng, co-director, Centre for Nuclear Engineering, Imperial College London/5(20).

One Hundred Centuries Of Solitude: Redirecting America's High-level Nuclear Waste Policies 1st Edition by Roger Kasperson (Author), Howard Kunreuther (Author), C. Mertz (Author), James Flynn (Author), James Chalmers (Author), Doug Easterling (Author) & 3 moreCited by:   Uncertainty Underground: Yucca Mountain and the Nation's High-Level Nuclear Waste (The MIT Press) by Allison MacFarlane (Editor), Rodney Ewing (Editor) out of 5 stars 4 ratings/5(4).

Although many scientists favor geologic disposal of high-level nuclear waste, there are substantial unknowns in projecting the performance of a site over the tens to hundreds of thousands of years that may be required by Environmental Protection Agency standards.

Get this from a library. High-level nuclear waste policy: hearings High-level nuclear waste policy book the Subcommittee on Energy and Power of the Committee on Commerce, House of Representatives, One Hundred Fourth Congress, first session, J Interim storage, J Proposed permanent repository at Yucca Mountain, J Integrated Spent Nuclear Fuel Management.

The particular siting dilemma considered in this book is the problem of how to "dispose" of the high-level nuclear wastes accumulating at nuclear power plants in the United States.

These wastes, in the form of "spent" fuel rods, will emit dangerous levels of radioactivity for thousands of years - anywhere betw andyears, depending on the margin of safety one adopts. Document on the Nuclear Waste Policy Act of An Act to provide for the development of repositories for the disposal of high-level radioactive waste and spent nuclear fuel, to establish a program of research, development, and demonstration regarding the disposal of high-level radioactive waste and spent nuclear fuel, and for other purposes.

Scottish government solid low level radioactive waste (LLW) policy. Scottish government higher activity waste (HAW) policy.

Nuclear power plants in Scotland. Dounreay research station under decommissioning. Nuclear submarines and naval test reactors in Scotland. Industry and small users. Conclusion. Management of High-Level Waste: A Historical Overview of the Technical and Policy Challenges The National Research Council (NRC) has provided scientific and technical analyses to inform policy decisions related to the disposal of nuclear waste since the s.

Rodney C. Ewing of Stanford tells Bloomberg, "I can imagine that the physics might work, but the transmutation of high-level nuclear waste requires a number of challenging steps, such as the.

High-level radioactive wastes are the highly radioactive materials produced as a byproduct of the reactions that occur inside nuclear reactors. High-level wastes take one of two forms: Spent (used) reactor fuel when it is accepted for disposal Waste materials remaining after spent fuel is reprocessed.

Disposition of High-Level Radioactive Waste through Geological Isolation. Development, Current Status, and Technical and Policy Challenges. Discussion Paper Prepared for the Workshop to be Held at the Arnold and Mabel Beckman Center of the National Academies, Irvine, California on November 4–5, In the near future, because of a potential high-level waste repository being built, the number of these shipments by road and rail is expected to increase.

How We Regulate The NRC regulates spent fuel transportation through a combination of safety and security requirements, certification of transportation casks, inspections, and a system of.

Today, the issue of waste management is as prominent as reactor safety in the controversies surrounding nuclear power and is particularly topical in the US since the closure of the Yucca Mountain repository project.4/5(1).

The Nuclear Waste Policy Act of created a timetable and procedure for establishing a permanent, underground repository for high-level radioactive waste by the mids, and provided for some temporary federal storage of waste, including spent fuel from civilian nuclear reactors.

State governments were authorized to veto a national government decision to place a waste repository within their. Compares and contrasts the approaches taken by major nuclear countries for managing civilian high-level waste with the approach taken by the U.S.

Identifies lessons that can be learned from these countries' approaches -- esp. Canada, France, Germany, Japan, Sweden, Switzerland, and the U.K. To reduce the grave and unacceptable risks posed by the existing and continued production of high-level nuclear waste without a demonstrated means of final disposition, the Sierra Club supports federal assumption of responsibility for the long-term, least hazardous isolation of spent nuclear fuel and high-level wastes, as mandated by the Nuclear Waste Policy Act ofthe cost of such.

The federal Department of Energy is changing how it will dispose of nuclear weapons waste, reclassifying what was formerly considered high-level. Most of the radioactive isotopes in high level waste emit large amounts of radiation and have extremely long half-lives (some longer thanyears) creating long time periods before the waste will settle to safe levels of radioactivity.

This new book explores the issues pertaining, either directly or indirectly, to nuclear waste disposal. An example of high level radioactive waste is spent reactor fuel. Spent reactor fuel originating from US Naval Nuclear reactors or fuel provided to foreign countries under the “Atoms for Peace” Program are returned to the Department of Energy for disposal at its facility in Hanford, WA.

The amount of man-made nuclear waste in storage on planet earth was estimated at 5, cubic meters in This value is only expected to increase as plants currently in operation keep producing, and newer plants are built.

Of that figure,cubic meters are designated high-level nuclear waste.High-level waste is the highly radioactive waste material resulting from the reprocessing of spent nuclear fuel, including liquid waste produced directly in reprocessing and any solid material derived from such liquid waste that contains fission products in sufficient concentrations; and other highly radioactive material that is determined, consistent with existing law, to require permanent isolation.The opening chapter discusses nuclear waste management in the United States, while the next chapter reviews a cross national perspective on the politics of nuclear waste.

Chapter 3 talks about congressional and executive branch factions in nuclear waste management policy, while Chapter 4 discusses federal-state conflict in nuclear waste management.